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Rural Interstates, Highways, and Roads in the Big Bend Region

Of course, the big freeways are in the big cities. But any true road enthusiast also likes to take a look at the rural roads and the surrounding landscape. I'll slowly add photos to this section
The Big Bend Region includes the following counties:
Brewster Jeff Davis Terrell
Crane Loving Upton
Culberson Midland Val Verde
Ector Pecos Ward
El Paso Presidio Winkler
Hudspeth Reeves  

Features of the Big Bend Country Region

Topography and
Major Cities / Rainfall / Elevation

Common & Rare

Common & Rare

Size: 38,000 sq mi.

Av. Rainfall: -10-18 in./yr

Rugged plateaus to wooded mountain slopes. It occupies the extreme western part of the state eastward generally to the Pecos River. This is a region of diverse habitats and vegetation, varying from the desert valleys and plateaus to wooded mountain slopes. Mountain outwash materials haved formed the soils of the Trans Pecos. Surface textures and profile characteristics are varied. Soil reaction is generally alkaline. Due to the diversity of soils and elevations, many vegetation types exist in the region.

Although most of Texas is located on flat plains or rolling plains, there are substantial mountains in the Trans-Pecos region or far West Texas. The highest point in the state is Guadalupe Peak at 8,749 feet above sea level. Sea level is the lowest elevation in Texas and can be found in all coastal counties. Elevation naturally rises from east to west and south to north.

Alpine--16.89 in / 4,485 ft

Balmorhea--14.28in / 3,205 ft

Big Bend Ranch--13.02 in / 1,850-7,835 ft

El Paso--8.39 in / 3,762 ft

Fort Davis--16.78 in / 5,050 ft

Fort Stockton--10.64 in / 2,954 ft

Marathon--12.04 in / 4,043 ft

Marfa--15.88 in / 4,688 ft

Pine Springs--20.17 in / 5,634 ft

Pecos--10.99 in / 2,580 ft

Presidio--10.8 in /


Gradient from dry to wetter with increasing elevation: Desert shrub- land and succulent shrubland, grassland, oak-juniper- pinyon woodlands; evergreen forests

Texas madrone
Chisos red oak
Chinkapin oak
Big-toothed maple
Mtn. mahogany
Texas kidneywood
New Mexican locust
Mexican buckeye
Mexican pinyon pine
Ponderosa pine
Sand sage
Red barbery
Prickly pear

Rare Plants and Habitat
Bunched cory cactus:
Rocky slopes, ledges and flats in the Chihuahuan Desert on limestone
Chisos hedgehog cactus:
Open shrublands on gravely flat alluvial fan deposits
Davis green pitaya:
Rocky hillsides of novaculite (a particular kind of rock) outcrops with sparse vegetation
Nellie cory cactus:
Dry, rocky limestone outcrops, on slopes in mountains of Chihuahuan Desert
Sneed pincushion cactus:
Dry, rocky limestone outcrops, on slopes in mountains of Chihuahuan Desert
Hinckley's oak:
Found along arid limestone slopes at mid-elevations in Chihuahuan Desert
Little aguja pondweed:
Known to occur only within quiet seepage pools in Little Aguja Creek in the Davis Mountains
Lloyd's mariposa cactus:
In full sun on limestone outcrops or rocky, alkaline soils on slopes or mesas
Terlingua Creek cat's-eye:
Barren, dry, gypseous clay or chalky shales on low rounded hills and slopes with sparse vegetation

Hooded skunk
Desert bighorn sheep
Mule deer
Mountain lion
Cactus mouse
Collared lizard
Western diamondback rattlesnake
Montezuma quail
Cactus wren
Peregrine falcon
Painted redstart
Townsend's big eared bat
Black bear
Horned frog

Rare Animals and Habitat
Greater long-nosed Bat:
High desert regions of Big Bend National Park

Mexican spotted owl:
Canyon woodlands in mountain ranges of West Texas

Desert spring fishes:
Comanche Springs Pupfish; Leon Springs Pupfish; Pecos Gambusia; Big Bend Gambusia:
Spring-fed desert wetlands and streams


"Features" information from the Texas Parks & Wildlife Department.
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